A Raisin in the Sun depicts the life of the Youngers, an African-American family residing on the South Side of Chicago in the 1950s. The Youngers are about to take delivery of an insurance check for $10,000 of deceased Mr. Younger’s life insurance policy. Each of the family members has their eyes on the money. The matron of the family, Mama, wants to buy a house, a dream that she and her husband shared. Mama’s son, Walter Lee, would rather use the money to invest in a liquor store with his friends. Walter’s wife, Ruth, agrees with Mama, however, and expects that she and Walter can provide more space and chance for their son, Travis. Finally, Beneatha, Walter’s sister wishes to spend the money for her medical school tuition.
A RAISIN IN THE SUN PDF SUMMARY
ACT 1 SCENE 1
The furniture in the Youngers’ condo is hoary and damaged, but sanitary. The pattern on the carpet is threadbare; the sofa is included with dollies. In a one-bedroom apartment, 5 people live there. The bedroom is shared by Beneatha and Mama. Walter and his spouse Ruth have transformed the small breakfast corner into their bedroom. While their son Travis sleeps on the sofa in the residing room. Earlier that night father had invited his friends over which has made Travis up late, who was only able to sleep until his father’s friends left.
Ruth is held responsible for waking up her husband and son early before she prepares breakfast for everyone. The Youngers’ mornings are always in a haste for taking over the restroom before the Johnsons, their neighbors. The first few moments give us an idea about the financial situations of Youngers. Travis asks fifty cents for school, Ruth refuses because she knows the family can’t spare the money. Walter gives his son a dollar nevertheless, in order not to give the impression of underprivileged.
Walter wants to start his business of a liquor store with other partners having to share the investment between all. Every time Walter tries to explain Ruth on asking Leena (Ruth’s mother) for giving him the Insurance money. She disagrees and tells him that it’s her mother. Her sister, a 20-year-old college student, has a combative relationship with his older brother. She is determined to be a doctor but her brother opposes her idea worrying about the cost of a medical school and tells her to be a nurse or get married and be quiet.
Walter asks Ruth for 50 cents before leaving for work. Mama, a robust female in her early sixties, enters. She is without delay concerned about the well-being of others. She is concerned that Beneatha will seize cold except a robe, and about whether Travis acquired a hot breakfast. After inquiring about the issue of Walter’s and Beneatha’s argument, Mama notices that Ruth is looking thin and tired. Mama even cares for a little plant that becomes a small however important symbol in the play.
Ruth asks Mama about her plans after she gets the Insurance just as Walter has asked her to do and tries to convince her about Walters’s liquor business. When Mama asserts that the household is not the investing type, Ruth says, “Ain’t no person enterprise humans until they go into business.” Despite these words, Ruth reassures Mama to do whatever she desires with the money, such as the journey to Europe. Mama says that she and Big Walter has dreamed of buying a house.
Beneatha enters the scene annoyed by way of the vacuum cleaner being run in the upstairs rental Mama reprimands Beneatha for swearing. Beneatha reveals to her own family that she plans to take up the guitar. Ruth and Mama tease her because Beneatha has taken up such a lot of short-lived hobbies, which includes horseback riding and photography. Beneatha defends their derision by pronouncing that they are all used to “express” her. Ruth and Mama laugh once more and inquire about her courtship with George. Beneatha is dating a rich college pupil named George, however, he believes he’s shallow. George also isn’t supportive of her preference to turn out to be a doctor. Mama emphasizes God’s role in her turning into a doctor, and Beneatha dryly responds, “God has nothing to do with it.” Mama addresses Beneatha’s atheism, warning her that she and her father raised her to believe in God. Beneatha succinctly denounces God as only an idea that she does no longer agree with. Mama slaps her and makes her repeat, “In my mother’s house there is still God.” After Beneatha leaves, Mama sadly reflects on the changing relationships between herself and her children and realizes that she now not is aware of them fully.
ACT 1 SCENE 2 (A Raisin In The Sun)
The Younger waits for the arrival of the check Beneatha sprays for cockroaches as Mama washes the kitchen. Travis wishes to go outdoor and play. Beneatha and Travis inquire that Ruth is at the doctor. Beneatha has invited over her buddy Asagai but her Mother doesn’t want him to come because of their messy house. Beneatha tells her mother Asagai is from Nigeria. Ruth comes home worried later and announced that she is pregnant. She decided to get an abortion.
Asagai arrives carrying a giant package. He greets Beneatha as Alaimo. Asagai has just back from his studies in Canada but is more involved in discussing their relationship than his studies. While Asagai knows how he feels, Beneatha nevertheless needs time to determine out whether she loves him in return. Asagai gives Beneatha a Nigerian robe and guarantees to educate her on how to drape it. Asagai’s mild remark about her straightened hair sparks a debate. Asagai feels that Beneatha’s choice to straighten her hair rather than wear it naturally, in an afro, is symptomatic of the broader trouble of assimilation amongst blacks in the United States. Beneatha adamantly denies being an assimilationist. Asagai dismisses her serious nature in a paternalistic manner and returns to the subject of their relationship.
As Beneatha once more reasserts her feminist viewpoints, Mama enters the room and the dialog shifts. Beneatha introduces Lena to Asagai. Mama decided to prove to her daughter that she is aware her present-day viewpoints on Africa, recites Beneatha’s preceding tutorial on the injustice of Africa’s colonialism and the infiltration of Christianity. Having “flashed a most excellent seem at her daughter upon completion of her recitation, ” Lena will become clearly sympathetic in the direction of Asagai. She appears at him like her very own son, asking him if he misses his mom and inviting him to come over to devour for the reason that he is so some distance away from home. Over the path of the conversation, Asagai calls Beneatha “Alaiyo”, which in Yoruba capability “One for Whom Bread Is Not Enough.”
Asagai leaves, and the household returns their attention to the insurance check. The check arrives, and Travis brings it to his grandmother. The household is at first very excited, checking to make positive the quantity is correct. Then, the gravity of the state of affairs hits Lena. As she realizes this the compensation for her husband’s life, she sobers and says, “Ten thousand dollars they provide you. Ten thousand dollars.”
Lena inquires about Ruth’s visit to the doctor, After Travis leaves. Lena senses something is erroneous, but Walter quickly enters and is too worried by using the insurance plan check to be concerned about his wife. Walter excitedly brings up the liquor save investment. however, Mama shoots him down immediately. Walter, upset, receives up to leave. Ruth, wanting to discuss with him, receives her coat too. Frustrated and unable to motive with him, Ruth goes into the bedroom.
Lena, disturbed by Walter and ruth relationship. Walter articulates how he wants to make more money. Mama is pissed off with Walter’s mania with money. Lena tells her son about Ruth’s pregnancy and her adoption. Lena expects her son to be infuriated but Walter is astounded. As Walter walks out of the door, Lena says, “You are a disgrace to your father’s memory.” She too prepares to leave.
ACT 2 SCENE 1
Later on Saturday, the scene unwraps with Ruth ironing and Beneatha getting ready for a date. She has on the Nigerian dress that Asagai gave her earlier. Walter walks into the condo intoxicated however intuitively starts swaying, loving the beat of the drum in the music. During this scene, the inebriated Walter begins to act out a scene in which he is the chief of a tribe. He prepares his fantasy community for battle with the aid of begging warfare songs and the songs of his ancestors.
Beneatha leaves George in the living room whilst she gets transformed for their date. George, left to be diverted by way of Ruth and Walter, takes each probability to brag about how well-traveled he is. When asked what time the show starts, George says, “It’s an eight-thirty curtain. That’s simply Chicago, though. In New York well-known blind time is 8:40.” In order to store face, Walter pretends to have been to New York several times, and then begins to ridicule George about his collegiate dress. Walter, nonetheless inebriated, inquires about George’s rich father, and then jumps to tell George about his business plans. Disrespected when George rebuffs him, Walter starts off evolved to task George in earnest. George dismisses Walter as bitter, and Walter responds, “And you-ain’t you bitter, man? Bitter? Man, I’m a volcano.” Beneatha enters the scene once more dressed in a cocktail costume however with her hair still natural. George and Beneatha get geared up to leave, and as a last insult, George says to Walter, “Good night, Prometheus!” to highlight Walter’s ignorance of Greek mythology.
Just as he makes his awesome speech, Walter is jerked again into reality, the stage lights flip returned on, and George Murchison enters. Ruth, embarrassed, tells Walter (who has gotten on the desk in his excitement) to get down and act properly. George, entirely confused, addresses Beneatha and asks her to exchange out of her “costume” and get ready for their theatre date. Beneatha, in a second of outrage, eradicates her headdress and displays to George Murchison her hair in its herbal afro state. George is finally shaken. Beneatha looks as if to have projected this answer and challenges George’s soreness with her natural hair, accusing him of being “an assimilationist Negro.” Thus, the debate about the deserves of their African heritage begins. George lessens the significance of West African history and calls their heritage “nothing but a bunch of raggedy-assed spirituals and some grass huts!” Beneatha, highly insulted, asserts the significance of African records to evolution, citing the example of the surgical advances made with the aid of the Ashanti people.
With George and Beneatha gone, Walter turns his tension towards his wife. Ruth provides Walter warm milk and espresso to upkeep him with his aftermath, but Walter carps that she does now not provide him what he in reality wishes. He starts to ask Ruth about what has come between them, and why their affiliation has changed.
Mama comes back home. Lena calls Travis to her and unveils to all of them that she has used the insurance cash to put a down fee on a house. Ruth and Travis are enthusiastic while Walter remains silent. When Mama reveals that the address is 406 Clybourne Street, Clybourne Park, Walter voices his objection about shifting into a white neighborhood. Mama explains that she did her nice and tried to locate the finest residence for the least quantity of money. Then Lena asks about Walter’s thoughts.
ACT 2 SCENE 2
On a Friday night a few weeks later, George and Beneatha come lower back to the apartment. George needs to kiss; Beneatha, however, wants to talk. George, frustrated, says to Beneatha, “You’re a nice-looking girl…all over. That’s all you need, honey, forget about the atmosphere…I do not go out with you to talk about the nature of ‘quiet desperation’ or to hear all about your thoughts.” Beneatha takes all this in and then asks George to leave. As he is leaving, Mama enters. Sensing the awkwardness, Mama asks what the rely is. Beneatha tells her, and for as soon as Mama accords with her daughter’s assessment that she needs to not be stricken with George.
Ruth receives a name from Walter’s boss’s wife, Mrs. Arnold. Ruth realizes that Walter has not been at work for the past three days, and will lose his job if he does not show up soon. When Mama inquires about the place Walter has been, he acknowledges that on the first day he borrowed his pal Willy’s automobile and drove into the USA to look at metal mills, and then left for a nearby bar, the Green Hat. On the 2nd day, he drove the car all the way up to Wisconsin to seem at the farms, ending the day again at the Green Hat. Today, he says, he walked all over the South Side of Chicago and plans to go proper returned to the Green Hat.
Mama realizes is worried about his son and makes an essential decision. Lena hands over the insurance plan money to Walter to invest as he satisfies. After giving him $3,500 as a down payment, Mama offers the closing $6,500 to Walter, asking solely that he put apart $3000 for Beneatha’s medical faculty education. Walter is astounded that his mom beliefs him with the money. Travis enters the room, and Walter, excited about his new-found responsibility, tells his son about his anticipations and goals of working in an office, riding a great car, having a fine house, and sending his son to college.
ACT 2 SCENE 3
The scene of (A Raisin in the Sun) starts with Ruth singing, and Beneatha arrives with a guitar. Ruth is keen on their new house; she has bought new curtains. Ruth excitedly says that she and her husband went on a date the night before and that they held hands at some stage in the movie. Walter and Ruth’s relationship, it seems, is prosperous.
The relationship between Beneatha and Walter also appears to be getting better. Walter enters the living room and starts dancing with his wife, and then begins to playfully tease his sister her new ideas, calling her “the chairman of the Committee on Unending Agitation” Beneatha takes the teasing in stride and solutions the doorbell.
A middle-elderly white guy in an enterprise match stands there, and proclaims that he is searching out Lena Younger. Since Mama isn’t home, Walter agrees to talk with the traveler. His name is Mr. Karl Lindner, and he is from the Clybourne Park Improvement Association. Walter invites him in and offers him something to drink, however Lindner declines. He introduces the affiliation as a welcoming committee for people entering into the community. Lindner mentions the latest occurrence of a bombing after a black family moved into a white community. In order to prevent this sort of deplorable event, Lindner and the association he represents need an open dialogue where they can just “sit down down and communicate with every other.” Lindner, it seems, does not want the circle of relatives entering into the community. He explains you’ve got to admit that a man, proper or wrong, has the proper to want to have the neighborhood he lives in a certain sort of way. And in the meanwhile, the overpowering majority of our people out there experience that humans get alongside better, take greater of a not unusual interest within the lifestyles of the community, whilst they percentage a common background. I want you to consider me whilst I inform you the race prejudice clearly would not input into it. It is an issue of the people of Clybourne Park believing, rightly or wrongly, as I say, that for the happiness of all concerned that our Negro families are happier whilst they stay in their personal communities. The Association is eager to pay them extra than their own price if they may abandon their plans to move into the community. Beneatha, having alleged his intentions, is the first to react with sarcasm. Walter, taken aback, gathers his beliefs and tells the traveler to get out. Mr. Lindner, putting his commercial enterprise card at the table, leaves.
Mama returns with Travis, and the own family tells her approximately Mr. Lindner’s visit. Mama shakes her head in response. Beneatha cracks a joke to break the awkwardness, and then turns Mama’s interest to her plant, asking if she is going to take that “raggedy-looking old thing.” Lena, in mock imitation of her daughter’s in advance statement, replies, “It expresses ME!” During this time, Walter, Ruth, and Beneatha present Mama with a present of gardening tools. Young Travis is anxious to present his grandmother his own gift, an intricate gardening hat. The relaxation of the family teases Travis for its lavishness, however, Lena defends him and promptly put on the hat to reveal her approval. The doorbell rings: it’s miles, Bobo, visiting unexpectedly. Bobo is worried and frightened and wants to speak with Walter. Walter is happy to hear approximately how the business venture goes, as each Walter and Bobo gave Willy their proportion of the cash to invest inside the liquor store. Although Walter could not make it to the meeting, Willy and Bobo were to satisfy at the teach station with a view to going to Springfield. In Springfield, they would achieve the liquor license vital to proceed. Bobo, however, says that Willy by no means arrived. Walter learns that he has been scammed out of his father’s coverage cash. No money has been positioned away for Beneatha’s medical school: he has invested all of the $6,500 Lena gave him inside the store. Walter, in a second of despair, cries out, “THAT MONEY IS MADE OUT OF MY FATHER’S FLESH.” Walter ought to now tell his family the news. Upon studying of her brother’s deception, Beneatha cries out in rage. Mama is devastated, remembering how her husband worked himself to his death. The scene closes with Lena looking to heaven for strength.
One hour after Bobo’s visit, the Younger home is silent. Walter lies gloomily on his bed whilst his sister, Beneatha, sits at the residing room table. Asagai takes place to drop through: blind to the recent flip of events, he is sincerely happy and excited about the Youngers’ move.
Beneatha tells Asagai that Walter has misplaced the insurance money. Asagai asks Beneatha how she is doing. Beneath remembers sledding on ice-covered steps in the wintry weather time whilst a younger boy named Rufus fell off his sled and severely injured his head. As the young boy got into the ambulance, Beneatha believed that he become beyond repair, but the next time she noticed him he only has a small line down his face. Beneatha has become interested in a concrete manner wherein a physician can discover a hassle and fix it. Beneatha has ignored her early life motivation and believes that medicinal drug is not sufficient to resolve society’s problems. Beneatha senses as if proper progress is unattainable, and that her fate isn’t always within her personal control. Asagai stays genuine to his idealism and notion in development. He talks about how he still has wished for his humans in Africa, regardless of how many setbacks they’ll encounter. He encourages Beneatha to forestall living on the beyond and reflect on consideration of her future. Giving her wish as soon as again, Asagai surprises Beneatha by way of asking her to come back to Nigeria with him and practice remedy there. Surprised, she refuses to provide him an answer without delay. Walter enters, and Beneatha right now hurls sarcastic epithets at him, such as “Symbol of the Rising Class” and “Titan of the System”. Walter leaves without responding to his sister. Meanwhile, Ruth and Mama are attempting to parent out what to do – whether to keep on with the move or to cancel the appointment with the moving men, who’re scheduled to reach shortly. Reflecting on how human beings in her past always told her that her thoughts were too big, Mama feels geared up to present up. She is already planning how they could make their gift apartment more pleasant. Ruth, however, is insistent that the family ought to keep with the move. Ruth pleads, Lena-I’ll work…I’ll paintings twenty hours an afternoon in all of the kitchens in Chicago…I’ll strap my toddler on my back if I need to and scrub all of the floors in America and wash all the sheets in America if I must- however, we were given to MOVE! We were given to get OUT OF HERE! Walter comes back from his errand, having determined upon a plan of action. He has decided to simply accept Mr. Lindner’s offer to buy the residence from the Youngers for greater than they paid. The circle of relatives is horrified at his selection, but Walter is uninterested in being taken benefit of. He is tired of being worried about right or wrong when other humans have become ahead. Lena attempts to motive along with her son. Walter’s mind, however, is made up. He feels that he merits to have first-class matters, and believes that doing business with Mr. Lindner is only an approach to an end. Beneatha is furious and disowns Walter as her brother. Mama confronts Beneatha about her words and insists that it’s miles at some stage in Walter’s lowest moments that he wishes his circle of relative’s love and aid the most. Mr. Lindner and the moving guys arrive simultaneously. Ruth motions for Travis to go downstairs whilst Walter deals with Mr. Lindner, but Mama insists that Travis stay right there and witness the actions of his father. Under the harmless gaze of his son, Walter is not able to make the deal with Mr. Lindner, and tells him that he needs your cash.” The second is, in reality, heroic, and marks Walter’s introduction into manhood. The own family, triumphant, bustles into movement as they keep with their move. As the circle of relatives gathers their things together, Beneatha declares her selection to emerge as a medical doctor in Africa. Walter retorts that she needs to be concerned about marrying a wealthy guy like George Murchison. Beneatha is furious, and they start to argue just as they did at the beginning of the play. Everyone but Mama exits the stage. Making certain to deliver her plant together with her, Mama takes the last study of the apartment before leaving it forever.